Much like the NBA, the Grammys have a complicated relationship with hip-hop. Decisions like Young MC’s “Bust a Move” winning over Public Enemy’s “Fight the Power” have led many to believe that those who vote on the Grammys have no clue about real hip-hop.
That argument has merit, evidenced by the fact that the genre was not even acknowledged by the award show until 1989 and, even then, it was under the very wide umbrella of Best Rap Performance, a category that recognized merely a single song.
Today, there are four rap categories: Best Rap Performance (introduced in 1989), Best Rap/Sung Collaboration (2002), Best Rap Song (2004), and Best Rap Album (1996). How Best Rap Performance differs from Best Rap Song? I have no idea.
The Grammy for Best Rap Album has been awarded twenty-one times. There have been three artists that have won it multiple times: Eminem- 6; Kanye West – 4; and Outkast – 2. Only two of Kanye’s solo albums have not won the award – 808s & Heartbreak and Yeezus, although the latter was nominated. Every major label solo Eminem album has snagged a nomination, with Encore being the only one not to win. Jay-Z has a total of 21 Grammys, but has won the award for Best Rap Album only once. Nas has never won a Grammy. Ever.
So I decided to rank all of the Best Rap Album winners on their own merits while also studying if there was a more deserving album that year.
Here we go…
21. Naughty by Nature – Poverty’s Paradise (1996)
Other nominees: 2Pac – Me Against the World; Bone Thugs-n-Harmony – E. 1999 Eternal; Ol’ Dirty Bastard – Return to the 36 Chambers: The Dirty Version; Skee-Lo – I Wish
What should have won: Me Against the World
It was the first year for this award and it’s clear that the committee was confused. What a wacky group of nominees. Where else could you find 2Pac, Wu-Tang, and Skee-Lo grouped together? I find it disheartening (though not surprising) that of the three solo solo Wu albums released in 1995, the weakest one was nominated. The best four albums of the year were snubbed and while I love Naughty by Nature and Poverty’s Paradise is a fine album, it doesn’t come close to Me Against the World.
20. Ludacris – Release Therapy (2007)
Other nominees: Lupe Fiasco – Lupe Fiasco’s Food & Liquor; Pharrell – In My Mind; The Roots – Game Theory; T.I. – King
What should have won: Lupe Fiasco’s Food & Liquor
A relatively weak field combined with Luda’s determination to win a Grammy with a more mature album led to Release Therapy‘s win, even though it is near the bottom of Luda’s discography. I even wrote a post for XXL about how Luda’s mixtape, Pre-Release Therapy, was a far better project than the album it was promoting. This was the first of four nominations in this category for Lupe and he probably deserved the win here.
19. Macklemore and Ryan Lewis – The Heist (2014)
Other nominees: Drake – Nothing Was the Same; Jay-Z – Magna Carta Holy Grail; Kendrick Lamar – Good Kid, M.A.A.D. City; Kanye West – Yeezus
What should have won: Good Kid, M.A.A.D. City
The choice that launched a thousand thinkpieces. Everyone felt that Macklemore had robbed Kendrick Lamar and his clumsy actions afterwards didn’t help matters. But Macklemore has been around for years, honing his craft. He is not Vanilla Ice 2.0 and The Heist is not To the Extreme 2. In fact, it’s a top notch album, but Good Kid, M.A.A.D. City is a revelation, one of the very few hip-hop concept albums that actually delivers on its promise and gets better with each listen.
18. Eminem – Recovery (2011)
Other nominees: Jay-Z – The Blueprint 3; Drake – Thank Me Later; B.o.B. – B.o.B. Presents: The Adventures of Bobby Ray; The Roots – How I Got Over
What should have won: How I Got Over
Another Eminem album, another Grammy for Best Rap Album. This time, he found what has become his new formula: an album of stadium anthems with call-and-response choruses alongside triple-time rhymes over a sampled ’80s power ballad with a R&B songstress on the hook. Parts of Recovery are great – “Cold Wind Blows,” “Cinderalla Man,” “Almost Famous” – but How I Got Over is great in its entirety. It is one of the best entries in the Roots’ impressive catalog, a short but potent mixture of hip-hop, R&B and indie rock.
17. Drake – Take Care (2013)
Other nominees: 2 Chainz – Based on a T.R.U. Story; Lupe Fiasco – Food & Liquor II: The Great American Rap Album Pt. 1; Nas – Life is Good; Rick Ross – God Forgives, I Don’t; The Roots – Undun
What should have won: Life is Good
One little spoken about truth regarding Drake’s dominance? He has yet to make a classic album. He doesn’t have an Illmatic or a Doggystyle or a Blueprint to his name. Outside of So Far Gone (which is a mixtape), it’s hard to know what his best project is. Take Care has some bright spots, but it is a hollow, rambling affair that doesn’t measure up to Drake’s potential and is certainly not as strong as the throwback greatness of Life is Good.
16. Eminem – Relapse (2010)
Other nominees: Common – Universal Mind Control; Flo-Rida – R.O.O.T.S.; Mos Def – The Ecstatic; Q-Tip – The Renaissance
What should have won: The Renaissance
Full disclosure: I love Relapse so much that I wrote a passionate essay defending it in my latest book. But I’m determined to be objective and Q-Tip’s first album in nine years was a welcome surprise. When we learned that Tip would be releasing a solo album in 1999, The Renaissance is what we had in mind. We had to wait almost a decade, but we finally got it.
15. Eminem – The Marshall Mathers LP 2 (2015)
Other nominees: Iggy Azalea – The New Classic; Common – Nobody’s Smiling; Childish Gambino – Because the Internet; Wiz Khalifa – Blacc Hollywood; Schoolboy Q – Oxymoron
What should have won: Oxymoron
After what had happened the previous year, people were ready to riot if Iggy Azalea were to win. She did not, but Eminem did. Again. The Marshall Mathers LP 2 was not a bad choice, but it’s still spotty in places. Oxymoron is not a perfect album either, but it’s a very solid project and choosing it would have proven the Grammy voters to be more than just a bunch of people that vote for popular albums by well-known artists.
14. Outkast – Speakerboxxx/The Love Below (2004)
Other nominees: 50 Cent – Get Rich or Die Tryin’; Missy Elliott – Under Construction; Jay-Z: The Blueprint 2: The Gift & The Curse; The Roots – Phrenology
What should have won: Get Rich or Die Tryin’
An album of halves. It’s an Outkast album, but not really. It’s half-rap and half-everything else. It was enormously popular and successful, but be honest: when was the last time you listened to it? In comparison, 50 Cent’s debut changed hip-hop forever and launched the career of a superstar.
13. Eminem – The Slim Shady LP (2000)
Other nominees: Busta Rhymes – E.L.E. (Extinction Level Event): The Final World Front; Missy Elliott – Da Real World; Nas – I Am…; The Roots – Things Fall Apart
What should have won: Things Fall Apart
Eminem is a genius, but his Aftermath debut is a bit schizophrenic. It wouldn’t be until his next album that he learned how to put it all together. The Roots, on the other hand, took their life experiences growing up in Philly and traveling around the globe performing, channeled it through their instruments, and dropped an absolute gem that sounded like the best of what hip-hop had to offer while also sounding like nothing else. This was their first of five losses in the category.
12. Lil Wayne – Tha Carter III (2009)
Other nominees: Jay-Z – American Gangster; Lupe Fiasco – Lupe Fiasco’s The Cool; Nas – Untitled; T.I. – Paper Trail
What should have won: American Gangster
Tha Carter III was Lil Wayne at his apex. After multiple delays, it still sold a million copies in the first week and while I think Tha Carter II was better, it still featured a Wayne that could perform verbal gymnastics and make nonsense sound brilliant. It’s not an egregious choice by any means, but I think time will be kinder to American Gangster. By far the best Jay-Z solo post-retirement album, it sits just a step below his greatest works. It is a lean project with Jay unleashing verbal wizardry through a loosely connected story thread over lush backdrops. The fact that its predecessor was Kingdom Come makes it even more impressive.
11. Fugees – The Score (1997)
Other nominees: 2Pac – All Eyez on Me; A Tribe Called Quest – Beats, Rhymes and Life; Coolio – Gangsta’s Paradise; LL Cool J – Mr. Smith
What should have won: All Eyez on Me
The Score is a very good album. Wyclef’s talent is clear throughout and Lauryn Hill’s performance is that of a superstar breaking out. But it sounds dated in parts. Meanwhile, All Eyez on Me changed hip-hop, for better and for worse, as ‘Pac took control of the culture and did his best to ignite a war with his ferocity and arrogance over two discs.
10. Puff Daddy – No Way Out (1998)
Other nominees: Missy Elliott – Supa Dupa Fly; Wyclef Jean – Wyclef Jean Presents The Carnival; The Notorious B.I.G. – Life After Death; Wu-Tang Clan – Wu-Tang Forever
What should have won: Wu-Tang Forever
Before Kanye West and Taylor Swift, there was Ol’ Dirty Bastard and Shawn Colvin. After Puff won the award over both, ODB jumped on stage to announce that “Puffy is good, but Wu-Tang is the best!” No Way Out is a good album that had some classic songs – “Victory,” “Young G’s,” “All About the Benjamins” – but it did not have the power or ambition of either Wu-Tang Forever or Life After Death. For what it’s worth, Charlamagne agrees with me.
9. Jay-Z – Vol. 2…Hard Knock Life (1999)
Other nominees: A Tribe Called Quest – The Love Movement; Big Punisher – Capital Punishment; Jermaine Dupri – Life in 1472; Mase – Harlem World
What should have won: Vol. 2…Hard Knock Life
After the murders of 2Pac and The Notorious B.I.G., there was a void at the top of the game and Jay-Z made the most of his opportunity. Vol. 2… was the album that catapulted him to superstardom, selling more than five million copies and becoming the lone album that gave Jigga a Grammy in the category.
8. Kendrick Lamar – To Pimp a Butterfly (2016)
Other nominees: J. Cole – 2014 Forest Hills Drive; Dr. Dre – Compton; Drake – If You’re Reading This It’s Too Late; Nicki Minaj – The Pinkprint
What should have won: To Pimp a Butterfly
An instant classic, To Pimp a Butterfly is a deep, ambitious, complex album, the sort that is not often found in modern hip-hop. There was really no other decision and the often-maligned Grammy voters got this one right.
7. Eminem – The Marshall Mathers LP (2001)
Other nominees: DMX – …And Then There Was X; Dr. Dre – 2001; Jay-Z – Vol. 3…Life and Times of S. Carter; Nelly – Country Grammar
What should have won: The Marshall Mathers LP
Determined to avoid the sophomore jinx and armed with angry responses to everyone that dared to voice a negative opinion about him over the previous year, Eminem crafted a brutal, beautiful project that proved he was more than a one-hit wonder or a TRL pop act. Some may believe that 2001 deserved to win, but that album’s production and its hits – “Still D.R.E.,” “The Next Episode” – helped to obscure the fact that the second half of that album is pretty weak, particularly in hindsight. There have been times when Em has won a Grammy without the strongest album in the field, but this was not one of them.
6. Kanye West – Late Registration (2006)
Other nominees: 50 Cent – The Massacre; Common – Be; Missy Elliott – The Cookbook; Eminem – Encore
What should have won: Late Registration
Late Registration is the last version of Kanye before he became something else. It is ambitious without being in love with its own ambition, featuring great songs, great lines, and great guest spots. It’s a bit too long, but still far better than its competition. Not even those Em stans at the Grammys could argue in favor of Encore.
5. Kanye West – The College Dropout (2005)
Other nominees: Beastie Boys – To the 5 Boroughs; Jay-Z – The Black Album; LL Cool J – The DEFinition; Nelly – Suit
What should have won: The College Dropout
A hip-hop artist unlike any we had ever seen released an album unlike anything we had ever heard. It’s funny and heartfelt, honest yet optimistic. The Black Album is great (even with “Justify My Thug”), but in its sprawl, The College Dropout is able to show its uniqueness and creativity.
4. Eminem – The Eminem Show (2003)
Other nominees: Ludacris – Word of Mouf; Mystikal – Tarantula; Nelly – Nellyville; Petey Pablo – Diary of a Sinner: 1st Entry
What should have won: The Eminem Show
A very weak field combined with probably Em’s best album made this a no-brainer.
3. Outkast – Stankonia (2002)
Other nominees: Eve – Scorpion; Ja Rule – Pain is Love; Jay-Z – The Blueprint; Ludacris – Back for the First Time
What should have won: The Blueprint
Stankonia is a great album. It is a complete, fully realized project with several classic singles – “So Fresh, So Clean,” “Ms. Jackson,” “B.O.B.” It is one of the best albums to ever win this award…but it’s still not as good or as important as The Blueprint. Jay-Z’s magnum opus, with its use of ’70s soul samples, classic diss track (“The Takeover”), and legendary lone guest appearance (Eminem on “Renegade”), was a high point for the game’s biggest artist and lived up to its title by setting the foundation of the sound of the genre for the next few years.
2. Kanye West – Graduation (2008)
Other nominees: Common – Finding Forever; Jay-Z – Kingdom Come; Nas – Hip-Hop is Dead; T.I. – T.I. vs. T.I.P.
What should have won: Graduation
If you ever need proof that the Grammy selection process for Best Rap Album is determined by commercially relevant songs and well-known artists, look no further than the list of nominees from 2008. Three stars – Jay-Z, Nas, and T.I. – were nominated for projects that ranged from wack to super wack. Fortunately, Kanye had unleashed one of his best, the album on which he pivoted from rap star to music star. It has a song for every mood and locale – “Can’t Tell Me Nothing,” “Stronger,” “Champion,” “Good Life” – and proved that Kanye was still getting better.
1. Kanye West – My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy (2012)
Other nominees: Lupe Fiasco – Lasers; Jay-Z and Kanye West – Watch the Throne; Nicki Minaj – Pink Friday; Lil Wayne – Tha Carter IV
What should have won: My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy
The best album by the most important artist of the century, My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy is a masterpiece. No one is making albums like this – not even Kanye. Even for a group as out-of-touch as Grammy voters, this choice was clear.
Christopher Pierznik is the author of eight books, all of which can be purchased in paperback and Kindle. His work has appeared on XXL, Cuepoint, Business Insider, The Cauldron, Hip Hop Golden Age, and many more. You can follow him on Facebook or Twitter.